The Ever-Changing Colors of Baekdu Mountain! The Magnificent Four Seasons of Baekdudaegan, also Known as Taebaeksan, Bulhamsan, Gaemadaesan, and Dutasan! (KBS Documentary)

“The Ever-Changing Colors of Baekdu Mountain! The Magnificent Four Seasons of Baekdudaegan, also Known as Taebaeksan, Bulhamsan, Gaemadaesan, and Dutasan! (KBS Documentary)” This KBS documentary takes you on a mesmerizing journey to Baekdu Mountain, the tallest peak in the Korean Peninsula and the birthplace of the Baekdu-Daegan mountain range. With its eight different names, including Taebaeksan, Bulhamsan, Gaemadaesan, and Dutasan, this mountain is not only a natural wonder but also a repository of countless legends. Through the lens of renowned mountain photographer Lee Jeongsoo, who has documented the changing seasons of Baekdu Mountain for the past 12 years, you’ll witness the unique landscapes shaped by six volcanic eruptions and thousands of years of erosion. From the rushing waters of Dalmoon Falls to the vibrant colors of autumn in Socheonji, and the breathtaking winter scenes of snow-covered peaks, this documentary highlights the awe-inspiring beauty of Baekdu Mountain throughout the year.

Baekdu Mountain, also referred to as the White-Headed Mountain, is not only a symbol of the Korean people’s history but also a renowned destination for nature lovers. Despite the political divide between North Korea and China, the Chinese side of Baekdu Mountain continues to attract tourists, while the North Korean side remains eerily empty. Filled with ancient myths and legends, this magnificent mountain showcases its grandeur through its volcanic landscapes, dense forests, crystal-clear streams, and iconic landmarks such as Cheonseojonjeol, Chunwonbarwi, and Dalcheonji. This KBS documentary captures the ever-changing colors of Baekdu Mountain and offers viewers a glimpse of the extraordinary beauty found in each of its four seasons.

The Magnificent Four Seasons of Baekdudaegan

Introduction to the Four Seasons of Baekdudaegan

Welcome to Baekdudaegan, the magnificent mountain range in South Korea! Known for its stunning landscapes and rich cultural significance, Baekdudaegan offers a unique experience in each of its four seasons. From the vibrant colors of spring to the snowy peaks of winter, Baekdudaegan is a paradise for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts. In this article, we will take a closer look at each season and explore the beauty and significance of this stunning mountain range.

The Significance of Baekdudaegan in Korean History and Culture

Baekdudaegan holds great significance in the history and culture of Korea. As the highest mountain range on the Korean Peninsula, Baekdudaegan has been revered as a sacred place since ancient times. It is often referred to as the “spine of Korea,” symbolizing the strength and resilience of the Korean people. The mountain range has been a source of inspiration for poets, artists, and musicians, who have drawn upon its natural beauty in their works. Baekdudaegan is also home to many historical sites, including the Cheonseojacheop, a collection of tens of thousands of rock formations resembling a pile of books, and the Cheongunbawi, a cliff face with rock formations resembling soldiers. These sites have been revered by Koreans for generations and serve as a testament to the deep cultural significance of Baekdudaegan.

The Unique Landscapes Shaped by Volcanic Eruptions and Erosion

The breathtaking landscapes of Baekdudaegan are a result of both volcanic eruptions and erosion over thousands of years. The volcanic eruptions have shaped the rugged terrain and created unique geological features such as deep valleys, steep cliffs, and towering peaks. The volcanic ash and lava have also enriched the soil, leading to diverse vegetation and lush forests. Over time, wind, rain, and snow have further sculpted the landscape, creating deep gorges, picturesque waterfalls, and awe-inspiring rock formations. From the vibrant hues of spring flowers to the golden foliage of autumn, Baekdudaegan showcases the remarkable beauty that nature can create through volcanic activity and erosion.

The Four Seasons and Their Changing Colors on Baekdudaegan

Baekdudaegan offers a stunning display of colors throughout the year, with each season bringing its own unique charm. Let us dive into each season and explore the changing colors and beauty of Baekdudaegan.

Taebaeksan – The Spring Season

The Beauty of Taebaeksan in Spring

When spring arrives, Taebaeksan, also known as “The Great White Mountain,” transforms into a breathtaking paradise of vibrant blooms and lush greenery. The mountain slopes are covered in a blanket of colorful wildflowers, including the beautiful royal azalea and vibrant rhododendrons. The crisp mountain air is filled with the sweet fragrance of cherry blossoms, signaling the arrival of spring. Walking along the trails of Taebaeksan, you will be mesmerized by the delicate petals and the bright colors that come to life after the long winter. Spring is a time of renewal, and Taebaeksan truly showcases the rebirth of nature.

Highlights of Taebaeksan’s Spring Scenery

Taebaeksan is famous for its stunning spring scenery, and there are several highlights that you should not miss during your visit. One of the must-see sights is the Lunar Waterfall, a symbolic waterfall that flows only during the spring season. The waterfall cascades down from a height of 68 meters, creating a mesmerizing sight and a soothing sound that echoes through the mountains. Another highlight is the flowing rivers that meander through Taebaeksan, offering a tranquil setting and a chance to enjoy the serene beauty of nature. Whether it’s hiking along the trails or simply sitting by the riverside, Taebaeksan’s spring scenery will leave you in awe.

The Symbolic Lunar Waterfall and the Flowing Rivers in Spring

The Lunar Waterfall, also known as Dalpumi Waterfall, holds a significant place in the hearts of Koreans. According to legend, the waterfall got its name from the belief that when the cherry blossoms bloom, the moonlight reflects off the water, creating an enchanting lunar-like atmosphere. The sight of the waterfall surrounded by cherry blossoms is truly a sight to behold. Additionally, the flowing rivers that run through Taebaeksan add to its natural beauty. These rivers, such as the Songhua River, provide a peaceful and serene environment, offering visitors a chance to connect with nature and enjoy the soothing sound of running water. The combination of the Lunar Waterfall and the flowing rivers creates a picturesque setting, making Taebaeksan a popular destination during the spring season.

The Ever-Changing Colors of Baekdu Mountain! The Magnificent Four Seasons of Baekdudaegan, also Known as Taebaeksan, Bulhamsan, Gaemadaesan, and Dutasan! (KBS Documentary)

Bulhamsan – The Summer Season

Experiencing the Vibrant Summer Colors on Bulhamsan

As summer arrives, Bulhamsan, also known as “The Mountain of Buddhas,” showcases a vibrant display of colors. The slopes are adorned with a variety of wildflowers, creating a kaleidoscope of colors that range from vivid yellows to deep purples. A particular highlight is the blooming of the yellow daylilies, which dot the mountainside and add a touch of brightness to the landscape. The lush greenery of Bulhamsan provides a stark contrast to the vibrant flowers, creating a harmonious blend of colors that epitomize the beauty of summer.

The Enchanting Wildflowers and the Resilience of Nature

Bulhamsan is home to a diverse range of wildflowers, each contributing to the enchanting beauty of the summer season. Among the most notable wildflowers are the yellow daylilies, known for their vibrant blooms and delicate petals. These flowers have a short blooming period, but their presence adds a burst of color to the mountain slopes. The resilience of these wildflowers is admirable, as they thrive in the face of strong winds and cold temperatures. Additionally, the lush greenery of Bulhamsan showcases the resilience of nature, with trees and plants thriving amidst challenging conditions. The combination of vibrant wildflowers and resilient vegetation makes Bulhamsan a paradise for nature enthusiasts during the summer season.

The Contrast of Lush Greenery and the Severe Wind and Cold on Bulhamsan

Despite the vibrant colors and lush greenery, Bulhamsan experiences severe wind and cold during the summer season. The strong winds can reach speeds of over 40 meters per second, creating a challenging environment for both the flora and fauna. However, this contrast between the vibrant colors and the harsh elements adds to the unique charm of Bulhamsan. It exemplifies the resilience of nature and reminds us of the power and beauty that can emerge from challenging conditions. Exploring Bulhamsan in the summer allows us to appreciate the tenacity of life and the remarkable ability of nature to thrive against all odds.

Gaemadaesan – The Autumn Season

The Breathtaking Autumn Foliage on Gaemadaesan

Enveloped in vibrant hues of red, orange, and gold, Gaemadaesan is a sight to behold during the autumn season. From mid to late September, the mountainside is transformed into a tapestry of colors as the leaves change, creating a breathtaking display that attracts visitors from far and wide. The fiery reds of the maple trees, the warm oranges of the ginkgo trees, and the golden yellows of the birch trees create a stunning contrast against the deep blue sky. Gaemadaesan’s autumn foliage is truly a spectacle that captures the essence of beauty and change.

The Beauty of the Virgin Forests and Mystical Lakes

Gaemadaesan is home to pristine virgin forests that come alive during the autumn season. Walking through these ancient woods, you will be surrounded by towering trees, moss-covered rocks, and a sense of tranquility that can only be found in nature. The mystical atmosphere is further enhanced by the presence of serene lakes nestled among the trees. These lakes, with their crystal-clear waters reflecting the vibrant foliage, create a serene and reflective environment. Exploring the virgin forests and mystical lakes of Gaemadaesan during the autumn season offers a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the beauty and tranquility of nature.

The Short but Stunning Autumn Season on Gaemadaesan

One of the unique aspects of Gaemadaesan’s autumn season is its brevity. The peak period for autumn foliage is relatively short, usually lasting for only a few weeks. This fleeting beauty makes witnessing the vibrant colors even more special. As the days grow shorter and temperatures begin to drop, the leaves gradually change color, creating a visual spectacle that is both awe-inspiring and ephemeral. Gaemadaesan’s short but stunning autumn season is a reminder to cherish the beauty of nature and to embrace the fleeting moments that life offers.

The Ever-Changing Colors of Baekdu Mountain! The Magnificent Four Seasons of Baekdudaegan, also Known as Taebaeksan, Bulhamsan, Gaemadaesan, and Dutasan! (KBS Documentary)

Dutasan – The Winter Season

The Majestic Winter Landscape of Dutasan

As winter descends upon Dutasan, the landscape is transformed into a winter wonderland. The snow-covered peaks, frozen waterfalls, and frost-covered trees create a majestic and ethereal atmosphere. The pure white snow blankets the mountains, creating a sense of serenity and tranquility. The sheer beauty and breathtaking scenery of Dutasan during winter are unparalleled, making it a perfect destination for winter enthusiasts and photographers.

The Snow-Covered Peaks and the Frozen Waterfalls

One of the highlights of Dutasan’s winter season is the snow-covered peaks. The pristine white snow creates a picturesque and awe-inspiring sight, adding a touch of magic to the landscape. The frozen waterfalls are another stunning feature of Dutasan during winter. As the temperatures drop, the flowing water freezes, forming cascades of ice that glisten in the sunlight. These frozen waterfalls are a testament to the power and beauty of nature, capturing the imagination of visitors and photographers alike.

The Long Winter Period on Dutasan and Its Radiant Beauty

Dutasan experiences a long winter period, with snow covering the peaks and valleys for more than nine months of the year. The prolonged winter adds to the allure and beauty of Dutasan, creating a captivating environment that is both serene and awe-inspiring. The radiant beauty of the snow-covered landscape is unparalleled, and it offers a unique opportunity to witness the transformative power of winter. From the dazzling white snow to the glistening ice formations, Dutasan’s winter season showcases the splendor of nature in its most pristine form.

The Boundaries of Baekdudaegan

The Demarcation of Baekdudaegan between North Korea and China

Baekdudaegan serves as a natural boundary between North Korea and China. In 1962, a border agreement called the “Joint Sino-Korean Boundary Line Agreement” was established, designating Baekdudaegan as the dividing line between the two countries. The southeastern side of Baekdudaegan belongs to North Korea, while the northwestern side belongs to China. This geographical distinction has led to contrasting tourism experiences on each side.

The Contrast of Tourism between the North and South Sides of Baekdudaegan

While the North Korean side of Baekdudaegan remains relatively inaccessible to tourists, the south side offers a more developed and accessible tourism experience. The north side of Baekdudaegan, with its untouched wilderness and limited infrastructure, remains a mystery to many. In contrast, the south side of Baekdudaegan welcomes visitors with well-maintained hiking trails, comfortable accommodations, and convenient facilities. The contrast in tourism between the two sides highlights the different political and economic realities that exist on either side of Baekdudaegan.

The Role of Baekdudaegan in Korean History

Baekdudaegan has played a significant role in Korean history and culture. It has been a source of inspiration for poets, scholars, and artists throughout the centuries. The mountain range has been featured in numerous works of literature and art, symbolizing the spirit of the Korean people. Baekdudaegan has also served as a natural barrier, protecting the Korean Peninsula from invasions and serving as a strategic location during times of conflict. Its cultural and historical significance cannot be understated, as Baekdudaegan continues to inspire and captivate people from all walks of life.

The Ever-Changing Colors of Baekdu Mountain! The Magnificent Four Seasons of Baekdudaegan, also Known as Taebaeksan, Bulhamsan, Gaemadaesan, and Dutasan! (KBS Documentary)

The Photographer’s Perspective

The Journey of Photographer Lee Jung-soo on Baekdudaesan

For the past 12 years, photographer Lee Jung-soo has documented the changing seasons of Baekdudaesan through his camera lens. His commitment and dedication have allowed him to capture the essence of Baekdudaesan and its remarkable beauty. From the vibrant colors of spring to the serene landscapes of winter, Lee Jung-soo’s photographs transport viewers to the heart of Baekdudaesan, allowing them to experience the awe-inspiring beauty of each season.

The Challenge of Capturing the Changing Seasons on Film

Capturing the changing seasons on film is no easy feat. The ever-changing weather conditions, unpredictable lighting, and limited time frame make photographing Baekdudaesan a challenging endeavor. To capture the essence of each season, Lee Jung-soo carefully plans his trips, ensuring he is in the right place at the right time. His patience and perseverance have allowed him to capture stunning photographs that showcase the unique beauty of each season on Baekdudaesan.

The Photographer’s Hopes and Dreams of Reaching Baekdubong

Baekdubong, the highest peak of Baekdudaesan, has remained elusive for Lee Jung-soo. Despite his countless visits to Baekdudaesan, he has yet to reach the summit of Baekdubong. However, this has not deterred him from pursuing his dreams. Lee Jung-soo continues to gaze at Baekdubong from afar, patiently waiting for the day when he can conquer the peak and capture its majestic beauty through his camera lens. His unwavering determination serves as a testament to the allure and mystery of Baekdudaesan.


Baekdudaesan’s four seasons offer a captivating journey through the changing colors and beauty of nature. From the exquisite blooms of spring to the frosty landscapes of winter, Baekdudaesan captivates visitors with its natural wonders. The unique landscapes shaped by volcanic eruptions and erosion, the significance of Baekdudaegan in Korean history and culture, and the photographic perspectives of Lee Jung-soo all contribute to the fascination and significance of Baekdudaegan in Korean culture. Whether you are a nature lover, history enthusiast, or photography enthusiast, Baekdudaegan offers an unforgettable experience that will leave you in awe of the wonders of nature.

The Ever-Changing Colors of Baekdu Mountain! The Magnificent Four Seasons of Baekdudaegan, also Known as Taebaeksan, Bulhamsan, Gaemadaesan, and Dutasan! (KBS Documentary)